UP NISMED has three major functions: curriculum development, teacher training and research. It also performs extension work as a natural outgrowth of these three major functions.
UP NISMED develops research-based curriculum materials for teachers and students at the basic and teacher education levels.
UP NISMED offers various training courses for science and mathematics teachers and instructional leaders.
UP NISMED serves as the research and development arm of the government in science and mathematics at the basic and teacher education levels.
In its role in making science accessible to the public, UP NISMED conducts public service initiatives such as training caravans, sky watching activities, public lectures, and open-labs.